The Enhanced V³SK Model

The Enhanced V3SK model represents the underpinning philosophy of teacher education at NIE. It guides the design, delivery, and enhancement of NIE's programmes and courses, to develop teachers who possess the three professional values (Commitment to the Learner, Commitment to the Profession, and Commitment to the Community), necessary skills, and depth and breadth of knowledge. In particular, the Enhanced V3SK Model builds on the original V3SK Model by aiming to nurture and develop future-ready teachers.



Values are the principles and beliefs that influence a teacher's choices, judgement, behaviours, and actions.


  • Believing all children can learn
  • Nurturing every learner holistically
  • Valuing diversity

This encompasses the "belief that all children can learn", "commitment to nurturing the potential in each child" and "valuing of diversity".

"Nurturing every learner holistically" requires teachers to not only look to the academic development of learners but also how learning can be connected through interdisciplinary teaching and real-world linkages, and to further include the aspects of socio-emotions, values and dispositions, such as mental well-being, lifelong learning, confidence and 21st Century competencies.


  • Striving for continuous learning
  • Aiming for high standards
  • Acting with ethical conviction
  • Upholding teacher personhood

Future-ready teachers must value and exhibit lifelong learning not only for their own professional and personal growth but also to role-model this to students. Lifelong learning, requires dispositions, such as resilience, adaptiveness and passion, which have been subsumed under "Striving for continuous learning". Student teachers must continue to aim for high standards, and complement this with a lifelong learning and professional development mindset.

Teachers must also act with ethical convictions, whether it be to teach values and ethics (content) or to teach ethically (approach to teaching). This is aligned with MOE's focus on every teacher being a Character and Citizenship (CCE) teacher who teaches CCE and role-models CCE.


  • Building collaborations and partnerships
  • Serving society
  • Engaging with national and global issues

Given that Singapore teachers are nation-builders, teachers must be committed to the community. They must be cognisant of the ecosystem that they exist within and how they have a pivotal and important place in contributing to both the education system of Singapore and national progress.

Student teachers and in-service teachers must build collaborations and partnerships with all stakeholders, such as parents and industries as well as engaging with national and global issues.



The dynamic interaction of Skills and Knowledge will help future-ready teachers build competencies and the ability to make connections across domains.


  • Critical & metacognitive skills
  • Socio-emotional skills
  • Self-regulation skills
  • Communication skills
  • Creative & innovative skills
  • Adaptive thinking skills
  • Pedagogical skills
  • Reflective skills
  • Facilitative skills
  • Administrative skills
  • Digital & data literacy
  • Research literacy
  • Assessment literacy
  • Cross-cultural literacy
  • Civic literacy

In Skills, thinking dispositions, self-regulation, and a range of other skills and literacies equip teachers to harness affordances available to them to reflect on and evaluate their own teaching practices, not only to apply the appropriate pedagogies to different situations and develop themselves as innovative life-long learners, but also facilitate the development of their students' ability to acquire and analyse new information to solve problems, collaborate and work well with others.


  • Self
  • Learner
  • Curriculum
  • Subject content
  • Pedagogy
  • Educational foundation & policies
  • Health & mental well-being
  • Global awareness
  • Environmental awareness

In Knowledge, the knowledge of the self, learner, subject content, and pedagogy remain vital, future-ready teachers must broaden their knowledge bases to knowledge such as sustainability, awareness of global and environmental issues, and health and mental well-being. Future-ready teachers may also encourage critical thinking in their students through the creative application of their expert knowledge of the subject and of their learners.