Major Prescribed Electives (MPE)

HC2010 Classical Chinese Fiction
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course introduces the classical Chinese short stories and novels of Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming and Qing periods. Works discussed include short stories such as Tang chuanqi and Song huaben, and novels such as Dream of the Red Chamber, The Journey to the West, The Three Kingdoms and Tale of the Marshes. Topics such as the analysis and interpretation of texts, themes, and sociological studies of selected works will be covered.

HC2011 Tang Poetry
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course offers a chance to savour and analyse Tang poetry (shi) through close reading and discussion. The Tang dynasty (618-907) is generally considered by critics as the highpoint of mature Chinese poetic composition. Poets such as Li Bai, Du Fu, Wang Wei, Li Shangyin, Li He, etc., and topics on poetic language, grammar, rhetoric, and textual criticism will be discussed.

HC2014 Chinese Theatre and Performance
Pre-requisite(s): HC1001 | 3 AUs

This course introduces you to basic concepts and techniques employed in the theatre and performance with emphasis on contemporary works written and produced in China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore. You will learn to read and analyse classic dramatic texts, as well as to watch and interpret theatre performances. It is through the process of "from page to stage" that you will understand the creation of plays in print and the recreation by theatre directors and performers.

HC2015 Coming of Age in Modern China​
Pre-requisite(s): HC1001​ | 3 AUs

This course guides second and third year students to read a series of coming-of-age narratives in Chinese literature and cinemas. It offers a range of literary and cinematic texts that not only enrich your understanding of modern China and improve your ability to read literature and film, but also provide you with a variety of coming-of-age narratives that may resonate with your own experience. Integrating academic pursuit with personal quest, I hope the course will allow you to reflect on your own experience of growing up and become more conscious in your negotiation with the current time.

HC2017 Writing Places: Nativism, Ecology, Politics​
Pre-requisite(s): HC1001​ | 3 AUs

This course examines the writings on place from the 1930s onward. It explores the changing focus and meaning in the literary or cinematic rendering of different locales. While a place can be the anchor of identity, site of cultural memory and practice, and refuge for dwelling, such meanings are not given but very much the work of cultural imagination and creation. How do literature and cinema contribute to creating a sense of place and confer an identity on a place, under what circumstances and to what political and cultural effects? As the deepening environmental crisis increasingly ravages our natural world, how do the writings on places document environmental degradation? How do their otherworldly portrayals-be them industrial, postindustrial, heterotopic, dystopic, etc.-shed light on our collective reality and engage our senses and intellect to promote possible social change? These are the important questions we will discuss in this course. 

HC2018 Book Culture, Chinese Print History, and Technology
Pre-requisite(s): NIL​ | 3 AUs

This course will introduce the social-cultural history of the book and print culture with a focus on the Chinese context. Students will learn the concepts revolving around the production, circulation and transformation of the book from ancient to the modern China before we enter a full-fledged digital era. The course will introduce the thematic concepts relating to textual productions such as manuscripts, illustrations, annotations, censorships etc. Any students who are interested in the cross-cultural dynamics and dialogues of printing and publishing in the East and West are welcome to join this course. The course will be useful for students who aspire to build their careers in heritage /cultural industries, education professions, techno-communication and creative entrepreneurships.

HC3011 Studies of Su Shi's Literature and Art
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course investigates historical and cultural context of classical Chinese poet Su Shi. This course will provide you with a chance to undergo in-depth understanding, focus on the writing style and themes of representative works of Su Shi by way of close reading and critical analysis.

HC3014 Cultural Study of Chinese Cinemas
Pre-requisite(s): HC1001 | 3 AUs

This course teaches appreciation and discussion of important works in Chinese-language cinematic history, leading third year and fourth year students to rethink the origins of Chinese cinemas in mainland China and its development and variation in Hong Kong and Taiwan. This course also provides you with a basic knowledge of film concepts and theories, including star studies, silent film, film genre theory, Chinese leftist cinema, narrative cinema, auteur theory, and queer cinema. This course will also analyse and discuss topics of class, gender, and nationality in cultural research on Chinese cinemas. Through appreciation and study of the visual politics of film, you will be able to place the politics re-presented in Chinese-language cinematic texts back into their actual local historical and social/cultural context.

HC3015 City and Culture in Modern China
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course will provide a critical understanding of the modern urban culture in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan by examining urban cultural history in conjunction with Chinese cinemas, songs and literary texts. Topics to be discussed include: the emergence of the modern city, the impact of colonialism, urban political movements, urban sexual culture, modernity and post- modernity in the context of urban culture, urban popular culture and the impact of globalization on Chinese cities.

HC3016 Readings of Classical Chinese Prose
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course is designed to provide a basic acknowledge of classical Chinese prose according to close reading and critical analysis of selected classical proses, primarily classical political prose, narrative prose, argumentative prose, etc. The course will encourage you to make connections and discussions of these proses with modern society, politics, economics, culture problems or phenomena.

HC3017 Text and Image Studies
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

The course offers an interdisciplinary perspective of interaction of text and image in both ancient and modern China. It aims to enrich students’ understanding of literature, art and culture texts and theories. The outcomes of this course will help students to improve these analysis ability and creative in academic and art.

HC3018 Posthumanism in Chinese Literature, Film and Culture
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

How do the development of artificial intelligence and concepts such as cyborg and the Anthropocene inform recent sci-fi writing, and urge us to establish new values and ethics in the digital era? In what ways do Chinese film, media art, and online culture shape our understanding of identity and subjectivity in the virtual world? How do posthuman thoughts and representations lead us beyond anthropocentrism, and show us a world characterised by the increasingly blurred boundaries between humans, nonhuman animals and machines, particularly in an age of many environmental challenges? How do cultural imaginations of Chinese supernatural beings (e.g. monsters, spirits and vampires from Chinese folk legends) expand the western-centric theoretical discussion in posthumanism? Posing all these questions by highlighting technology, ecology and Chinese culture, this course introduces and critically examines a range of literary, cinematic and artistic texts, in order to make sense of the posthuman elements in our rapidly changing world.

HC3019 Aesthetics of the South 
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course examines various cultural movements and aesthetics defined by their affinity with “the South”. You will explore a range of aesthetics and thought associated with “the South” through different types of Chinese-language cultural production, including cinema, literature, contemporary art, etc. You will investigate how and why “the South” inspired and nurtured unique aesthetics and cultural movements in different historical and contemporary contexts. Texts and issues discussed may include: Southern School of Chinese painting, China’s Southern films, South-South cultural collaborations, etc. 

HC4010 Classical Chinese Literary Theory
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

This course examines the evolution of Chinese theories of literature and the arts in the classical periods. Through this course, you would learn a variety of issues about Chinese literature theory based on the philosophical foundations through readings of critical texts on poetics. After taking this course, you will get an explicit connection of Chinese Literature, philography and history, which will help you to build a strong foundation for future academic research.

HC4013 Gender and Sexuality in Chinese Literature
Pre-requisite(s): HC1001 | 4 AUs

This course combines a variety of texts and gender/sexuality research theories in order to discuss issues of sex and gender/sexuality in mainland China, Hong Kong and Taiwan. These include sexual attractiveness and sexual desire in pre-Qin and Qin/Han literature, lust and eroticism in Ming/Qing literature, the destruction of family and the abandonment of marriage in early modern Chinese literature, love in friendship and the construction of masculinity, Chinese feminism and female sexual desire, new sexual morality discourse and the great debate on love, the first and second waves of feminism, and queer theory. By tracing the development and changes in Chinese concepts of gender/sexuality from ancient times to the present day, this course aims to ensure that you can, while remaining rooted in history, refer to constructions of knowledge in Western gender/sexuality culture and theory and proceed to rethink and deepen the contemporary discussion on these topics on an individual and societal level.

HC4015 Special Topics in Classical Chinese Literature
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

The seminar is designed to help you have an in-depth study of selected topics in classical Chinese literature. Instead of emphasizing the general history of literature or literary genre, you will learn to analyze, interpret and evaluate the specific texts in-depth (or/and compare it with the other works). You will read across a number of theories and disciplines to seek an understanding of the historical dynamics in the different literary “worlds”. Examples of topics are the study of Records of the Grand Historian (Shi Ji), the study of Selections of Refined Literature (Wen Xuan), the study of poetry of Du Fu, the study of The Dream of the Red Chamber (Hong Lou Meng), and the study of prose writing of the specific historical periods.

HC4016 Comparative Literature Studies: Theory and Practice
Pre-requisite(s): HC3001 | 4 AUs

This course explores major approaches to cross-cultural and transnational study of literature. The course includes critical examination of the theories of the major approaches and analysis of their outcomes in research practices. Examples of their research practices are primarily drawn from the history of Western literature, modern Chinese literature, overseas Chinese literature, and classical Chinese literature. Year 3 or Year 4 students of Chinese major who took the course HC 3001 (major core), Or HC 0201 (GER core) and are interested in comparative studies of literature may take this course. You will have a broad horizon and solid foundation to conduct literary studies in other classes and prepare themselves well for future career.

HC4019 Chinese Literary Canon and Images of Art
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

This module "Chinese Literary Canon and Images of Art" teaches profound reading and comprehensive understanding of literary classics. This course includes classic literature works and their images. Extensive reading of literature articles and observing the daily life of visual culture is required in order to understand the relationship between words and images. ​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

HC4020 Literary Criticism and Critical Theories

Pre-requisite(s): HC1001​ | 4 AUs

This course is a critical introduction to the major paradigms of thinking about literature in the 20th-and-21st-century. It surveys the major schools of literary criticism and theory, ranging from Russian formalism and structuralism to poststructuralism, Marxism, feminism, psychoanalysis, post-colonial theory, and cultural studies. We will consider the ideological debates surrounding the nature, function, and value of literature, discuss what constitutes a valid interpretation of literary work, and reflect on how theories affect the current practice of literary criticism. Readings consists of Western literary theories and some Chinese literary and cinematic texts. ​​​​​​​​​​

HC4021 Hong Kong Literature and Culture in Global perspective
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

We will first approach the definition of Hong Kong literature and culture by some descriptive understandings. The purpose of this is to enhance critical understanding what is meant by area studies, global studies and border studies through examining the cultural and literary productions of Hong Kong. By the end of this course, students will be able to anaylse the effectiveness of the national, geographical, historical, political and linguistic frameworks in defining Hong Kong literature, and appreciate the problematic geopolitical features embedded and reflected in the cultural entities of Hong Kong.  

This course will introduce prominent, award-winning or representative artworks of Hong Kong writers, artists and directors. This course is also suitable for those who have interest in Singapore and Sinophone literature as Hong Kong literature has extensive cultural interactions with Chinese literature, Taiwan literature, Malaysian Chinese literature, and Singapore literature.  

HC4022 Art and Revolution in Modern China
Pre-requisite(s): HC1001 | 4 AUs

This course traces the literary and cultural history of modern China from the May Fourth Movement, the surge of revolutionary literature in the late 1920s, the formation and development of Maoist aesthetics under the socialist regime, to the reflection on revolution in the post-Mao era. We will end the course with contemporary engagements with the idea of revolution by looking at some realist literature from Taiwan, documentary films from Hong Kong, and the suppressed articulations of dissent in mainland China. The themes of art and revolution provide a specific perspective to revisit modern Chinese literary history. They highlight the political urgencies behind the renovation of national culture in the beginning of the twentieth century, and reveal how such imperatives continued to shape the changing contour of Chinese literature and culture throughout this long century. The focus on art and revolution also allow us to look beyond revolution in its most straightforward political sense, and attend to the revolution of gender norms and cultural forms that were equally important in modern Chinese history. We will pay attention to this multifaceted idea of revolutionary in our textual analyses of literary and artistic works. The texts covered in this course ranges from literature, film, documentary, the visual arts, as well as theoretical and discursive documents. We will also address different genres of literature such as fiction, drama, and poetry.​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

HC4023 Fiction and Society in Contemporary China
Pre-requisite(s): HC3001 | 4 AUs

The purpose of this course is to guide you to understand the social changes of contemporary China in the local and global contexts, enrich your aesthetic conceptions and enhance your literary writing skills by reading canonical novels. In addition, you will gain a broad horizon and solid foundation to conduct literary studies in other classes. 

Taking this course will benefit you greatly (1) if you want to take future course, e.g., comparative literature, FYP writing, or (2) if you intend to apply for MA Program, work as Chinese teacher in educational institution, or as journalist/editor/officer in press, media and cultural industry.

HC4024  Text and Image Studies on AIGC (AI Generated Content)
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

Building upon the HC3017 Text and Image Studies course, this HC4024 curriculum concentrates on the application and analysis of Text and Image Studies in the context of AIGC. It equips students in the humanities with the skills to master contemporary technology, practice using AI tools for generating appropriate content, foster individual creative thinking, understand ethical principles, meet workplace demands, and contemplate the coexistence of human civilization with non-human entities.

The course aims to empower students to not only proficiently use AI tools but also to critically evaluate their outputs. Students will learn to balance creativity with ethical considerations, ensuring that the content they create or modify using AI respects intellectual property and cultural sensitivities. Furthermore, this course emphasizes the importance of discerning the quality and authenticity of AI-generated content, a skill increasingly essential in a world where such content is ubiquitous.

HC2030 Contention of a Hundred Schools of Thought: Pre-Qin Thinkers 
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course introduces students to the many different schools of thought that emerged in the Pre-Qin era, including Confucianism, Daoism, Legalism, and Moism. We will also discuss these philosophical schools' historical contexts and their influences on Chinese culture from the ancient period to the present. Students who want to understand the foundation of Chinese culture are encouraged to take this course. 

HC2031 Confucian Thought
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course examines the development of Confucian thought in China. It seeks to understand Confucianism’s importance by placing the teaching in its proper historical context. The course will cover the various problems and issues related to Confucianism from antiquity all the way to the present. Students who are interested in Confucianism or Chinese culture in general are encouraged to take the course. 

HC2032 Division and Integration: From the Spring-Autumn/Warring States to Sui, Tang and the Five Dynasties
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

Focusing on a period that was characterised by repeated division and integration in Chinese history, this course covers the periods of Spring-Autumn, Warring States, Qing, Han, Wei, Jin, South-North, Sui, Tang, and the Five Dynasties. It discusses, among others, the political institutions, territorial expansion and contraction, economic conditions, social changes, religious development, and cultural transformation and pluralism throughout this period. The influence of the non-Han culture and its interaction with the Han culture will also be explored. This is MPE subject for the second-year students and above of Chinese Program. This course provides you with background knowledge for Chinese literature, philosophy, and overseas Chinese studies in Chinese Program, and further benefits your work and career in sectors of government, education, and business, etc.

HC2040 Understanding China
Pre-requisite(s): HC2005 recommended | 3 AUs

This course introduces you to modern and contemporary developments of Chinese societies and aims at analyzing “Chineseness” and engendering critical thinking about the representations of “China” and its society, culture, politics and people in various media. Taking reference from academic scholarships in China Studies, historical and cultural studies, sociology, literary and film studies, this interdisciplinary course examines what traditions and experiences have shaped the historical and cultural construction of "China", and what values and beliefs might inform its future development. Examples for discussion will be drawn from a range of media texts (print, digital, film, pop culture etc.) from China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Southeast Asia and the West, in both Chinese and English. This course aims to enhance your comprehensive knowledge about China and Chinese societies in the world since the early 20th century. It introduces you to the major issues and debates centering on the regions, and encourages all-rounded and critical understanding of China and “Chineseness” in the changing world.

HC2041 Contemporary Chinese Politics and Society
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

Focusing on the era since 1949 when the People's Republic of China was founded, this subject offers an examination of contemporary Chinese society in the midst of political changes. It covers topics such as the Chinese state and political institutions, collectivisation, political campaigns, population control and internal migration, urban and rural living conditions, the era of economic reform, and civil-government relations. This is MPE subject for the second-year students and above of Chinese Program. This course provides you with background knowledge for Chinese literature, philosophy, and overseas Chinese studies in Chinese Program, and further benefits your work and career in sectors of government, education, and business, etc.

HC3031 Conquering and Conquered Dynasties: From Song to Qing
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

Focusing on the four dynasties in Chinese history, i.e., Liao, Jin, Yuan and Qing, founded by northern nomadic tribesmen and then conquered the area formerly ruled by Hans’ central empire. This course covers the period from the early Song Dynasty to Late Qing Dynasty. It discusses, among others, the founding of the four conquering dynasties, the Hans’ resistance, the dual politic, economic development, cultural continuation, and religious interaction. The influence of sinicization will also be explored. This is MPE subject for the second-year students and above of Chinese Program. This course provides you with background knowledge for Chinese literature, philosophy, and overseas Chinese studies in Chinese Program, and further benefits your work and career in sectors of government, education, and business, etc.

HC3043 Chinese Ecological Thoughts and Philosophy
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course introduces you to classical, modern and contemporary Chinese ecological thoughts – from traditional Confucian, Buddhist and Daoist thoughts on nature and ecology, to the emergence of ecocriticism and eco-aesthetics as new academic disciplines in contemporary China. Focusing on the historical and cultural significance of concepts that are related to nature and ecology, such as Chinese solar terms, shanshui (natural landscapes), and animals; as well as the increasing dialogues and clashes between Chinese and Western ecological thoughts, this course stimulates you to reflect upon the intricate and complex relationships between human beings and the natural world. At a time of many global environmental crises and challenges, this course also encourages you to contemplate how ancient and contemporary ecological thoughts and theories can both be put into daily-life practices, as well as to cultivate our spiritual wellbeing and make changes to the world.

HC4030 Modern Chinese Intellectuals and Political Movements
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

In modern China, intellectuals played a crucial role in remaking Chinese tradition and introducing Western ideas in order to strengthen a country that was simultaneously confronted with internal crisis and foreign encroachments. The aim of this course is to study modern Chinese intellectuals and their influence on Chinese society. Key historical events to be discussed include the Reform Movement of the late Qing, the May Fourth Movement, and the rise of Communism. Students who are interested in learning about modern and contemporary China are encouraged to take this course.

HC4033 Special Topics in Chinese History and Thought
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

This course provides analytical and in-depth study of selected topics in Chinese history and/or thought. It will lead students to further explore thematic issues related to ancient, pre-modern, and/or modern Chinese history, and/or closely examine key issues in Chinese philosophy and intellectual foundation.

HC4035 Western Influences on Modern Chinese Thought
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

This course will help you to understand how the West has influenced modern Chinese culture and society, specifically, Chinese thought. We will examine key concepts such as liberalism, communism, radicalism and conservatism. Prominent Chinese thinkers like Hu Shi, Lu Xun and Qian Mu will be considered. Students who are interested in how Western modernity has been influencing modern China and the contemporary Chinese-speaking world are encouraged to take this course.

HC4040 Cross-Taiwan Straits Relations
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

This course looks at the cross-straits relations between mainland China and Taiwan. It studies the political, social, and economic development in and between China and Taiwan and its regional/international implication throughout history. In particular, this course will examine the political discourses reflected in the principles and policies adopted by the Chinese Communist Party, Kuomintang, and Democratic Progressive Party over such issues as reunification and independence, as well as non-official views on these issues. Students who are interested in learning about the current cross-Taiwan Strait Relations and the so-called Taiwan Issue are encouraged to take this course.

HC4042 China and Globalisation
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

This course studies China's responses to globalizing forces that offer both opportunities and challenges since the 20th century. It looks at the impact that global capitalism brought to China, which includes China's accession to the World Trade Organization, and the influence of foreign cultures and ideas on China. It also discusses China's impact-cultural, economic, political, social outward on global development, including overseas Chinese and China's role in the international political stage. ​​​​​​​​​​​​

HC4043 Special Topics in Modern China
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

This course provides analytical and in-depth study of selected topics in contemporary Chinese economy, political development, foreign relations, social transformation, and/or culture. It aims to give students an opportunity to study the latest developments and emerging issues in China.​​​​​​​​​​​​

HC4044 Late Imperial and Modern China: History and Social Change
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

Since the late 18th century, China has experienced the most dramatic history and social change. This course examines late imperial and modern China’s major social, political, economic and cultural issues from a historical context and interdisciplinary perspective. These issues include: environment and climate, ethnic frontiers, gender, media, hygiene, historical memory, social class, urbanization, social protests, the rise of China and nationalism. This course aims to broaden student’s academic horizon and familiarize them with the international academia's latest development and research method on modern China studies. Students will also acquire the relevant basic research methods; learn how to write academic book review, research plan, final year project and/or academic paper. This is MPE subject for the third-year students and above of Chinese Program. This course provides you with background knowledge for Chinese literature, philosophy, and overseas Chinese studies in Chinese Program, and further benefits your work and career in sectors of government, education, and business, etc.



HC1050 The Science of Chinese Characters
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

The course aims to develop your understanding of the major and fundamental aspects of Chinese characters, including the origin, development, structural analysis of Chinese characters, the analysis of form, sound, and meaning of characters, the standardization of characters, characters and culture, and character teaching. This course is suitable for those who are interested in Chinese characters and have basic knowledge of Chinese languages and characters.

HC1051 Modern Chinese
Pre-requisite: HC1002 | 3 AUs

This course systematically and comprehensively introduces the fundamentals of Modern Chinese grammar, from morphemes, to words, phrases, and sentences. With various real language examples and exercises, you will acquire strong analytical skills to generalize rules of language uses based on language data. The course is useful for future careers relevant to Chinese including language teaching, editing, translation, etc. The course is also necessary for taking more advanced courses such as HC3052 or further studies in Chinese linguistics. You will need to complete HC1002 before taking this course.

HC2050 Chinese Lexicology
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

The course aims to provide a comprehensive examination of Chinese lexicon construction with its connection to the aspects of syntactic and morphological structures. Students will be guided to learn how to identify morphological structures of words, word formation and its types, differentiate words and phrases, synonyms and antonyms, and examine word sense in Chinese lexicon and its variation across time and geographical boundaries. By the end of the course students will be able to apply the principles and methodologies learned to the analysis of morphological structures and lexicon constructions. This course is specially designed for the students who are interested in Chinese linguistics and Chinese language teaching. The general knowledge learned from this course will help students to be prepared to learn other linguistic courses, such as morphology, lexical semantics, language contact and change, and corpus linguistics.

HC2052 Language and Society
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course surveys the interactions between language and other human social behaviors that distinguish individual speakers as belonging to a particular social or language community. You will examine the way language works in relation to communication and culture, interaction between language structure and social structure and social norms (sociolinguistics), the relationship between linguistic knowledge and cultural knowledge (anthropological linguistics), the interplay of language and the mind. Special case studies on the Chinese language and /or the language context in Singapore will be reviewed and discussed.

HC2053 Varieties of Chinese
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course introduces you to the varieties of Mandarin Chinese as surfaced in Chinese speaking communities such as Mainland China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, and Singapore. We will illustrate with rich examples the differences in the writing system, sound, lexicon, grammar, and pragmatics found in Chinese varieties, and discuss the linguistic, historical, cultural, and social factors that have led to the differences. The course will help you get a deeper and wider understanding of language variation and change, and facilitate more effective communication with Mandarin speakers from different regions. The course is useful for future careers relevant to Chinese including language teaching, editing, translation, etc.

HC2054 Understanding Classical Chinese Texts
Pre-requisite: HC1002 | 3 AUs

The objectives of this course are to provide you with the foundations for reading and understanding classical Chinese texts. This is done through a brief introduction to classical Chinese grammar, with special reference to grammatical features of essential parts of speech, usage of function words, peculiar word order and peculiar syntactic constructions. You will learn to make distinctions in classical Chinese grammar through comparison with modern Chinese grammar, and hence strengthen their ability to understand classical Chinese in reading.

HC2055 Foundations of Interactional Analysis in Chinese
Pre-requisite: HC1002 or HG1001| 3 AUs

This course aims to provide you with the foundational skills and methods used when analyzing the workings of natural Chinese conversations, such as turn-taking, sequential organization, repair mechanism etc. Through looking at authentic human communicative behaviours, you will come to understand the social and cognitive workings of human sociality, in particular Chinese sociality.

HC3050 Sound and Prosody in Chinese
Pre-requisite: HC1002 | 3 AUs

This course raises your awareness of the nature of speech sound, the relation between sound and structure, prosody and discourse, and their use in actual everyday Chinese communication. The course aims at providing you with both foundational knowledge and the analytic ability to conduct Chinese phonological research.

HC3051 Sociolinguistics and Bilingualism
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course covers central topics and major theories in the studies of sociolinguistics and bilingualism. The relation between language variation and societal, cultural, and contextual factors characterized by bilingualism will be examined from a multidimensional perspective. You will learn to follow the principles of sociolinguistics to identify functions of language and variations of language use where bilingualism is recognized as a main factor. In addition, the social importance of the use, spread, and changes of different languages and dialects will be evaluated within the multilingual and multicultural context of Singapore.

HC4050 Chinese Semantics
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

Semantics is a discipline dealing with meanings at lexicon, syntax, discourse and pragmatic levels. This course provides an overview of general principles of semantics and explains the basic concepts in semantic analysis such as sense, reference, semantic features and meaning relations. Domain-specific topics to be covered include lexical semantics, structural semantics, cognitive semantics, and pragmatics. The peculiarities of semantic studies in Chinese will be the focus for examination.

HC4051 Text, Rhetoric and Style
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

This course covers central topics in the study of text linguistics and text pragmatics and the interpretation of language use and that of discourse, on textual and textuality. It also serves to acquaint you with stylistic theories and rhetorical devices. You will be introduced to functional theories and strategies to understand the interrelatedness of form and meaning, the psychology of syntax, metaphor, and diction.

HC4052 Special Topics in Chinese Linguistics
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

The seminar is designed to help you have an in-depth study of selected topics in Chinese linguistics. Instead of emphasizing the general grammatical perspective and theories of Chinese languages, you will learn to analyze, interpret and evaluate the specific language data in-depth (or/and compare it with the other linguistic paradigm). You will read across a number of theories and disciplines to seek an understanding of different linguistic components and perspectives. Examples of topics are Chinese syntactic and semantic theories, Chinese phonetics and phonology, functional grammars such as cognitive grammar, construction grammar, corpus linguistics, and Chinese pragmatics and discourses.

HC4055 Chinese Language Acquisition
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

This course will introduce you to the current research questions, theories, and development in language acquisition in general and Chinese language acquisition in particular. The content of teaching, in-class discussion and assignments for you to complete after class are all designed with a focus on helping you to gain a broad understanding of the nature of language acquisition, to guide you to identify age-related developmental features, to distinguish the characteristics of L1 and L2 acquisition. You will also be able to learn how to apply current theories and research methodologies to the study of language acquisition, particularly in the Singapore context. This will prepare you to be a researcher or a language teacher who can address language acquisition issues from a multi-dimensional perspective and write academic papers based on empirical research data of language acquisition.​​​

HC4056 Chinese Semasiology
Pre-requisite: HC1002 | 4 AUs

The objectives of this course are to provide you with a general knowledge of traditional semasiology (Xunguxue), and to acquaint you with fundamental methods and essential principles of studying the meaning of words in classical Chinese. In terms of semantic analysis, it will help you to understand the uniqueness of paraphrasing classical Chinese with concrete examples.

HC4058 Chinese Language and Grammatical Theories
Pre-requisite: HC1002 & HC1051 | Mutually exclusive with HC3052 | 4 AUs

This course is to provide you with an in-depth understanding of the current major theories for Chinese grammatical theories. The course concentrates on several key structures in Chinese (e.g. BA constructions, passives, double object constructions), and by understanding and evaluating the major theories that have been proposed to account for these constructions, you will be able to develop skills in literature review and conduct your own research on Chinese grammar. The course is useful for careers relevant to Chinese and further studies in Chinese linguistics. You will need to complete HC1002 and HC1051 in order to take this course.

HC4059 Chinese-English Contrastive Linguistics
Pre-requisite: HC1051 | 4 AUs

The course focuses on the linguistic differences between Chinese and English. It covers the major linguistic aspects of the two languages, including phonology, word formation, lexicon, syntax, and discourse. The course will be useful for Chinese major students in Singapore, especially those who are to work in education, media, and translation.

HC4080 Conversational Pragmatics in Chinese
Pre-requisite: HC2055 or HG2033 | 4 AUs

This course builds on the foundations provided in HC2055 ‘Foundations in Interactional Analysis in Chinese’, with a greater emphasis on research groundwork, by training you to collect authentic Chinese interactional data, and then producing an interdisciplinary research paper that applies the data to engage with issues in disciplinary areas such as Sociology, Psychology, Education and other Humanities subjects. You will receive hands-on training in the collection, transcription and systematic analysis of Chinese interactional data via an interdisciplinary lens.  With this training, you will be well-prepared to pursue linguistic research in the field of Interactional Linguistics. Topics covered include multimodality, storytelling, epistemics, Chinese identity construction and emotions in interaction.


HC1060 History of Singapore and Malaysian Chinese
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This foundation level course will introduce you to the history of Chinese communities in Singapore and Malaysia, examining the economic activities, social organizations, and political orientation of Chinese diaspora in relations to China and the countries of residence. In this course, you will learn how Chinese communities have transformed in Singapore and Malaysia. This will form the foundation for further studies in Chinese diaspora.

HC2060 Chinese Education in Southeast Asia
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This foundation level course will introduce you to the origin, development, setback, and revival of Chinese education in Southeast Asia, focusing on Singapore, Malaysia, and Indonesia. In the course, you will learn the sociopolitical contexts where Chinese education and schools are embedded. This will form the foundation for further studies of Chinese diaspora and nation-building in Southeast Asia.

HC2061 Chinese Literature in Singapore and Malaysia
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This foundation level course will introduce you to the development of Chinese literature in Singapore and Malaysia since the early 20th century, examining major trends in literary writing such as the influence of the May Fourth Cultural Movement, political and cultural identities, debates on realism and modernism, social engagement and cultural reflections, the influence of Hong Kong and Taiwanese literature. In the course, you will learn how to conduct reading of works by important writers. This will form the foundation for further studies in diasporic Chinese literature and culture.

HC2062 Chinese-language Cultural Production in Singapore
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course aims to introduce and examine the beginnings and development of Chinese-language cultural production in Singapore. You will gain critical understanding of how different kinds of Chinese-language cultural production (e.g. publishing, theatre, cinema, arts festivals, traditional operas, dialect cultural institutions, etc.) took root and developed in the specific sociopolitical and sociocultural context of Singapore. You will also explore some of the problems that arose in the process. 

HC2063 Chinese Literature in Singapore 
Pre-requisite(s): A good pass in GCE 'O' Level Chinese or Higher Chinese, or equivalent | Mutually exclusive with HC0201 | 3 AUs
Singapore's Chinese literature has undergone a historical period of one hundred year, and witnessed the historical, social, and cultural developments of modern Singapore. This course, conducted in Chinese, aims to provide you with a sketch of literary landscape of the Chinese literature in Singapore from 1919 to present day, and help you to learn the leading literary texts, relevant socio-cultural context, and the writing skills of Singapore's Chinese writers. 


HC3062 Chinese Overseas and China
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course is intended for students interested in the meanings of being a Chinese overseas in a rapidly changing world. It investigates the changing relations Chinese overseas have with China and the factors underlying these changes. It first looks at Overseas Chinese's concern about China's political upheaval and social disorder before 1949 when the People's Republic of China was founded. It then examines the isolation of Chinese overseas from China between 1949 and 1978, because of the radical political movements in China and nation-building projects in their countries of residence. It subsequently explores the responses of Chinese overseas after 1978 when China launched economic reform. This course provides you with the necessary knowledge for future courses in HC4060 and HC 4061.

HC3063 Critical Study of Singapore Society and Culture
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 3 AUs

This course introduces you to various issues in contemporary Singapore society and culture, taking into special consideration the multicultural context. Topics discussed include those which are more general such as places and people, cultural production, media and communication, as well as more focused issues related to the identity and representation of the Chinese in Singapore. You will select, formulate and present a research worthy case on issues of Singapore society and culture. This course provides you with fundamental preparation if you are interested in working on a FYP topic in Singapore social and cultural study.

HC4060 Globalisation and Chinese Overseas
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

This advanced level course will introduce you to the concepts, theories, and patterns of globalization as well as diasporic Chinese involvement in globalization process. In the course, you will learn and discuss important topics in the fields of migration, nation-states, and transnationalism. This will provide you with a better understanding of Chinese diaspora in relations to China and other countries of residence, which is much-needed in the globalized job market.

HC4061 Chinese Migration
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

This course focuses on the migration trajectories of Chinese leaving China and dispersed in many parts of the world. While it examines the formation and transformation of migrant-sending localities in the past and the present, and discusses the patterns of migration as well as the networks that facilitated Chinese migration, the central purpose of the course is analyze and evaluate the perspectives and methods used by scholars to understand Chinese migration. This course thus is suitable for students interested in the Chinese overseas and in methodology. The training you acquire in this course would provide you with a foundation to pursue courses focusing on the global diaspora and on theories.

HC4062 Special Topics in the Studies of Ethnic-Chinese
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

TThe seminar is designed to help you gain an in-depth understanding of selected topics and theories in ethnic Chinese studies. Instead of emphasizing the general history of Chinese migration, you will learn to analyze and evaluate the perspectives and methods used by scholars to understand the overseas Chinese. You will read a wide variety of texts, from classics by Wang Gungwu, Yen Ching-hwang, and Philip Kuhn, to more recent works by Adam Mckeown, Shelly Chan, and Michael Williams.

HC4063 A Study of Sinophone Culture in Singapore and Malaysia
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

This course guides third year and fourth year students to appreciate a series of local Singaporean and Malaysian Sinophone audiovisual texts, such as films, documentaries, songs, and short stories. This course will firstly examine the historical context of the development of the "Sinophone" concept and how, as a method of research that has gained in popularity over recent years, it enters into dialogue with the research frameworks of "Imperialism," "Colonialism,'' "Nationalism," "Cultural China," and "Chinese diaspora". The course will look at six dimensions of Sinophone culture- national identity, cultural identity, class identity, language identity, local identity and gender identity as well as examine how Singaporean and Malaysian Sinophone culture represents its history and culture through audiovisual texts while re-inventing its identity through a strategy of cross-ethnic and cross-cultural creolized articulations.

HC4064 History and Issues: Transcultural Chinese Theatre in Singapore
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | 4 AUs

This course first introduces you to the history of Singapore Chinese theatre since the early 20th century. With the understanding of Singapore's socio-cultural history, you will explore and investigate various topics in a selection of dramatic works in contemporary Singapore. Issues discussed may include models of transcultural theatre, intellectual dialogues and cultural communications, theatre activism and social engagements, the search of collective and personal identity, and gender performance.

HC4065 Overseas Chinese in the United States
Pre-requisite(s): NIL | Mutually exclusive with HC3064 | 4 AUs

This course introduces you to the history of the Chinese in the United States from the mid-19th century to the recent past. It is intended for students interested in overseas Chinese experiences outside Southeast Asia and will provide you with a platform to better understand Chinese migration on a global scale. Major themes of this course will include immigration and labor, migration and family strategies, race and gender relations, community formation and integration, and historical images from the Yellow Peril to the Model Minority. As a history course, there will be strong emphasis on the mastery of historical context and the analysis of texts," including primary documents, secondary sources, and visual materials such as cartoons and films.


HC2010 中国古典小说
选修条件:无 | 3 学分



HC2011 唐诗
选修条件:无 | 3 学分



HC2014 华文剧场与表演
选修条件:修毕HC1001 | 3 学分



HC2015 青春书写与现代中国​​
选修条件:修毕HC1001 | 3 学分



HC2017 地文誌: 从乡土文学到生态批评​
选修条件:修毕HC1001 | 3 学分



HC2018 印刷技术、书籍文化及出版史
选修条件:无 | 3 学分



HC3011 苏轼文学与艺术研究
选修条件:无 | 3 学分



HC3014 中台港电影的文化研究
选修条件:修毕HC1001 | 3 学分



HC3015 现代中国的城市文化
选修条件:无 | 3 学分



HC3016 古典散文精读
选修条件:无 | 3 学分



HC3017 文图学 
选修条件:无 | 3 学分



HC3018 后人类主义:华文文学、电影与文化 
选修条件:无 | 3 学分

面对科技文明发展、生态环境危机和东西方思想的碰撞和冲击,人类社会逐步走向「后人类」的新时代。 透过人工智能、赛伯格(cyborg)和人类世等概念的发展,我们该如何阅读当代华文科幻写作,藉以反思数位时代的新伦理观? 透过电影和数码艺术创作,以及近年的网红现象,我们如何理解网络世界中的身份认同和建构的虚拟主体性? 在日益强调生态保育和多物种共存的环境下,后人类主义如何打破一切以人类为中心的既定思想,并透过文本表现人、动植物和机械之间日益模糊的界线? 华语电影中常见的妖怪、鬼神和僵尸等非人类想象,又是否能扩阔「后人类主义」固有的西方理论框架,让我们建立一套东方式后人类思想,以诠释我们独特的文化和价值观? 本课程将以多角度探索人文研究中的「后人类转向」,并围绕科技、生态与中华文化三方面对一系列文学、电影和艺术文本作分析,探讨当代中文语境中呈现的后人类现象。

选修条件:无 | 3 学分


HC4010 中国古典文学批评

选修条件:无 | 4 学分



HC4013 中国文学与性别研究
选修条件:修毕HC1001 | 4 学分



HC4015 中国古典文学专题
选修条件:无 | 4 学分



HC4016 比较文学研究:理论与实践
选修条件:修毕HC3001 | 4 学分

这门课讲述比较文学的起源,发展和研究方法,包括影响研究,平行研究,比较诗学,形象学,主题学,文类学,跨学科比较文学,文本例证来自西方文学史,中国现当代文学。 学生需要研读一些相关主题的学术论文,讨论其研究方法,分析其优点和局限性。


HC4019 文学经典与图象艺术
选修条件:无 | 4 学分

本课程选取具有历史和文化深刻意义的中国古代文学经典作品精读,介绍这些作品的相关绘画和题咏,分析文学经典/艺术创作/视觉书写的多重互文性内涵。本课程并涉及东亚文化艺术, 提供跨学科、跨地域的学术视野和基本知识。​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​


HC4020 文学批评与理论
选修条件:修毕HC1001 | 4 学分



HC4021 全球香港文学与文化
选修条件:无 | 4 学分




HC4022 “革命”与文艺:现代中国文学及文化
选修条件:修毕HC1001 | 4 学分





HC4023 当代中国小说与社会
选修条件:修毕HC3001 | 4 学分



HC2030 先秦诸子思想
选修条件:无 | 3 学分

先秦对中国人文及社会留下了不可磨灭的痕迹。 时至今日, 华人仍然可以感受到那个时代的影响。 本课将介绍并探讨先秦的思想文化。 我们会对先秦以及秦汉思想做一个梳理。 完成本课后, 学生应该会更加了解中国文化的源头, 并进一步认识传统文化的一些基本理念。 


HC2031 儒家思想
选修条件:无 | 3 学分

本课介绍儒家的重要文本和核心思想. 我们会追溯儒家思想在中国的起源, 并研究其重要的人物, 思想学派的变化和变化的背景。同时,我们还会探讨儒家思想对中华文化的影响。


HC2032 分裂与统合——从春秋到五代
选修条件:无 | 3 学分

本课程主要在了解从春秋战国开始,经过秦、汉、魏晋南北朝、隋、唐,至五代之间这一段不断的分裂与统合的中国历史。重点将放在了解这段时期的政治制度, 领土扩张与收缩,经济发展状态,社会变迁,宗教发展,以及文化上的转变和多元性。另外也将讨论非汉族文化对中国文化的影响及其与汉族文化之间的互动。


HC2040 理解中国
选修条件:修毕HC2005 | 3 学分

本课程旨在介绍现当代中国,以及世界华人社会的发展,和分析 「中国性/华人性 」在不同的媒体对中国及其社会、文化、政治与人民所作的再现作出批判性的思考。透过中国研究、历史和文化研究、社会学、文学和电影学等等,提供同学对20世纪初至当今中国的跨学科而多角度的认识。,本课程将藉批判理论检验是哪些传统与经验形塑了「中国」这样的历史和文化建构,而又是哪些价值与信念影响其发展。讨论的相关媒体(平面,数位,电影和流行文化等)包括中国、台湾、香港、东南亚之媒体,及世界各地之华文与英文媒体。​


HC2041 当代中国政治与社会
选修条件:无 | 3 学分

本课程的焦点放在 1949 年以后的中国,检阅政治变动中的当代社会。讨论范围包括中国的国家与政治体制,公有制,政治运动,人口管制与境内移民,城市与农村的生活状况,经济改革开放时期的现象,以及人民与政府的关系。


HC3031 征服王朝——从宋初到清末
选修条件:无 | 3 学分



HC3043 古今生态思想与哲学

选修条件:无 | 3 学分



HC4030 中国近现代思想与文化运动 
选修条件:无 | 4 学分



HC4033 中国历史与思想专题
选修条件:无 | 4 学分



HC4035 西方文化与近现代中国思想
选修条件:无 | 4 学分




HC4040 台湾海峡两岸关系
选修条件:无 | 4 学分



HC4042 全球化中的中国
选修条件:无 | 4 学分



HC4043 现代中国专题
选修条件:无 | 4 学分


HC1050 汉字学
选修条件:无 | 3 学分


HC1051 现代汉语
选修条件:修毕HC1002 | 3 学分


HC2050 汉语词汇学
选修条件:无 | 3 学分


HC2052 语言与社会
选修条件:无 | 3 学分


HC2053 汉语的变体
选修条件:无 | 3 学分


HC2054 古汉语导读
选修条件:修毕HC1002 | 3 学分

古汉语语法是一门工具课,通过这门课程的学习,使学生比较全面地掌握古代汉语的基本知识,克服古书阅读过程中语言文字的困难,提高古书阅读能力,从而加深对现代汉语各种语言现象的认识和理解,提高学生对现代汉语的运用能力。 课程简明介绍古汉语的语法结构,着重分析古汉语各种词类的语法特点、虚词用法以及特殊语序和特殊句式;同时强调古今语法差异,提高学生对文言的理解能力。

HC2055 汉语会话分析(一)
选修条件:修毕HC1002 或 HG1001 | 3 学分


HC3050 汉语音韵
选修条件:修毕HC1002 | 3 学分

课程旨在阐明语音的本质, 探讨汉语语音的组合规律、韵律特点、汉语音律与词汇的关系、语音与语法形式、韵律以及话语的关系,以及在实际运用中的功能。课程的另一要旨在于让学生熟悉传统音韵学的方法,了解音韵学的目的 。

HC3051 社会语言学与双语现象
选修条件:无 | 3 学分


HC4050 汉语语义学
选修条件:无 | 4 学分


HC4051 篇章、修辞与风格
选修条件:无 | 4 学分


HC4052 汉语语言学专题
选修条件:无 | 4 学分


HC4055 汉语语言习得
选修条件:无 | 4 学分


HC4056 汉语训诂学
选修条件:修毕HC1002 | 4 学分


HC4057 汉语会话与语用
选修条件:修毕HC1002 | 4 学分

本课程是一门研究方法培训课,着重训练学生能够自主地发现,探讨自然会话的语用现象,并且进行有深度的研究和写作。 这些理论概念主要来自于会话分析(conversation analysis)学科,但也包括语用学的一些理论。课程的教授主要是通过师生在堂上一同探讨自然会话语料来进行;所提供的文献是为了堂上分析自然会话语料服务的,而自然语料的分析是为了揭示和训练理论概念在分析时的实际运用。

HC4058 汉语与语法理论
选修条件:修毕HC1002 及 HC1051 | 与HC3052互斥 | 4 学分


HC4059 汉英对比语言学
选修条件:修毕HC1051| 4 学分


HC4080 汉语会话分析(二)
选修条件:修毕HC2055 或 HG2033 | 4 学分


HC1060 新马华人史
选修条件:无 | 3 学分


HC2060 东南亚华文教育
选修条件:无 | 3 学分


HC2061 新马华文文学
选修条件:无 | 3 学分

本课程探讨从 20 世纪初至今的新加坡和马来西亚华文文学,通过分析细读重要作家的作品,检阅其中的主要文学潮流和课题,如五四运动的影响,政治与文化认同,现实主义与现代主义的论争,文学与社会的关系,文学与文化反思,以及香港台湾文学的影响。

HC2062 新加坡华语文化生产
选修条件:无 | 3 学分


HC2063 新加坡华文文学
选修条件:无 | 与HC0201互斥 | 3 学分


HC3062 海外华人与中国
选修条件:无 | 3 学分

本课程探讨海外华人与中国的关系转变,以及其背后的原因。首先讨论 1949 年中华人民共和国建立以前海外华侨对中国的政治与社会动乱的关注 ,接着是 1949 和 1978 年之间海外华人因为中国与居留国的政治变动,而与中国的隔离分开。本课程也研究海外华人对中国 1978 年后的改革开放的种种反应。

HC3063 新加坡社会与文化研究
选修条件:无 | 3 学分


HC4060 全球化与海外华人
选修条件:无 | 4 学分


HC4061 华人移民
选修条件:无 | 4 学分


HC4062 华人研究专题
选修条件:无 | 4 学分


HC4063 新马的华语系文化研究
选修条件:无 | 4 学分

本课指导大三和大四的本科生鉴赏一系列的新马华语系视听文本,例如电影、纪录片、歌曲和短篇小说。本课首先探讨“华语系”此概念的历史发展脉络,以及它作为近年崛起的研究方法是如何跟“帝国主义”、“殖民主义”、“国族主义”、 “文化中国”和“离散华人”的研究框架展开对话。课程将从新马华语系文化的六个面向,即国族认同、文化认同、阶级认同、语言认同、本土认同和性别认同的角度,考察新马的华语系文化是如何通过视听文本重现历史文化的同时,也透过跨族群和跨文化的“语言糅杂化”表述策略进行身份认同的再造。

HC4064 历史与议题:新加坡跨文化华文剧场
选修条件:无 | 4 学分


HC4065 美国华人
选修条件:无 | 与HC3064互斥 | 4 学分