Published on 30 Aug 2021

Break a sweat to recharge this battery – Professor Lee Pooi See

We are delighted to share the research achievement of Professor Lee Pooi See and team, which has been featured in various media.

Professor Lee Pooi See and team have developed a soft and stretchable battery that is powered by human perspiration. The prototype battery consists of printed silver flake electrodes that generate electricity in the presence of sweat. Measuring 2 cm by 2 cm and as flat as a small paper bandage, the battery is affixed to a flexible and sweat absorbent textile that is stretchable and attachable to wearable devices, like watches, wrist bands or arm straps.

To demonstrate its potential use when it becomes incorporated in wearable biosensors and other electronic devices, the team of scientists tested their device with artificial human sweat. 

In a separate trial, the team reported that an individual wearing the battery around their wrist and cycling on a stationary bicycle for 30 minutes was able to generate a voltage of 4.2 V and output power of 3.9 mW that was sufficient to power a commercial temperature sensor device and send the data continuously to a smartphone via Bluetooth.

The battery could help to reduce harmful electronic waste, as it does not contain heavy metals or toxic chemicals and the scientists behind it believe it could lead to innovation within the wearable tech industry.

Materials scientist Professor Lee Pooi See, and Dean of NTU Graduate College, who led the study, said: "Our technology heralds a previously unreachable milestone in the design of wearable devices. By capitalising on a ubiquitous product, perspiration, we could be looking at a more environmental friendly way of powering wearable devices that does not rely on conventional batteries. It is a near-guaranteed source of energy produced by our bodies. We expect the battery to be capable of powering all sorts of wearable devices." 


From left: Dr Gurunathan Thangavel, Professor Lee Pooi See, and Dr Lyu Jian developed new battery that works on human perspiration. Source: NTU 

The breakthrough research was published in the peer-reviewed scientific journal Science Advances, with the title “Printable elastomeric electrodes with sweat-enhanced conductivity for wearables”. The research article can be found via this link:

Our heartiest congratulations to Prof Lee and her team on the excellent achievement!

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