NTU Open Access
Open Access (OA) to information refers to the free, immediate and online access to the results of scholarly research to the worldwide scientific community. Open Access removes the barriers to accessing the results of scholarly research and scholarly publications. Increased discoverability and exposure of scholarly research and publications will directly lead to furthering the academia, medicine, science, industry and society as a whole.
Open Access mandates are policies implemented by universities, research institutions, research funders or governments which require researchers to make their published peer-reviewed journal articles and conference-papers available in an open access institutional repository, for example:
A*Star Open Access Mandate. Other than to preserve an organization’s research legacy, the aim of such mandates are to ensure that the institutions’ research are made freely discoverable and available to the wider research community thus empowering further research. It is important for researchers to comply with the open access mandates put in place by the respective institutions as this will ensure that the collective knowledge of the institutions are preserved.
2. Open Access Publishing Models There are 2 ways authors can provide open access to their work:Green Open AccessOne way is to publish an article and then self-archive it in a repository where it can be accessed for free, such as their institutional repository, this is known as Green Open Access or Green Model. The repository allows search engines such as Google to crawl their content so the articles are accessible on the Internet. Most publishers (called green publishers) allow their authors to self-archive their publications in this way, though most only allow archiving of the “accepted version” of the article. This version is the final manuscript that has been peer reviewed, not the final formatted version published by the journal. Some publishers require delays, or a 6-12 embargo, before the article can be available in the open repository. NTU supports this route.Gold Open AccessA second way authors can make their work open access is by publishing it in either a pure open access journal, or a hybrid open access journal. This is known as Gold Open Access or Gold Model. Pure open access journals do not charge subscription fees, however, many do charge an article processing charge (APC) before it proceeds to publish it. The latter is a journal whose business model is at least partially based on subscriptions, and only provide Gold open access for those individual articles for which their authors (or their author's institution or funder) pay an APC. The APC varies but can go as high as US$3000-4000. Some publishers say they will waive this fee in certain circumstances. If you wish to go this model, you need to use your own source of funding (e.g. research funds, school funds, etc.) to pay for the APC. The Library does not provide funding for this so it is recommended that Principal Investigators factor in this cost into their grant proposals.
One publisher may have various approaches to support open access, you may click the link below to see the differences between the green model and the gold model provided by
Elsevier.Predatory Open Access PublishingOne issue that arises among open publishing is the predatory open-access publishing, an exploitative open-access academic publishing business model that involves charging APC without providing the editorial and publishing services associated with legitimate journals. Predatory publishers will accept your publications as long as you pay the APC. Jeffrey Beall, an American librarian provides a regularly updated list (Beall’s list) of possible predatory publishers, which should be consulted when you are not sure about the OA journal you are interested in. The Library has developed a one-stop guide (How to Avoid Predatory Publishers) to aid researchers to be informed of the risks associated with publishing in these journals.
3. Open Access at NTU
NTU Open Access PolicyIn line with the growing worldwide trend to make research publications freely available on the Internet, NTU has implemented an open access policy on its research publications with effect from 1 July 2011. Under this policy, All NTU faculty and staff must deposit their final peer-reviewed manuscript of journal articles and conference papers electronically to the Digital Repository (DR-NTU) maintained by the Library upon acceptance of their publications, so that these can be made available, whenever possible, for global access through the Internet. All PhD and Masters degree (by research only) students are required to submit the complete full-text digital version of their theses to the Library via DR-NTU for open access. For details of the policy, please click
here.Funders’ requirements for Open AccessLocal Singapore research funding agencies including Agency for Science and Technology (A*STAR), Ministry of Education (MOE), Ministry of Health (MOH) and National Research Foundation (NRF) require publications to be made open access within 1 year from publication date.
To meet the open access requirements by funders and NTU, please take note of the following matters:1. Publish and keep your copyrightsIn most publication agreements, all rights, including copyright, belong to the journal. However, this may result in researchers unable to comply with the open access requirements imposed by funders and employing institutions. Researchers will not be able to gain maximum exposure for their work as authors when a publication cannot be archived online nor disseminated to the community. However, it is possible for authors to get their paper published but also retain the rights to self-archive and disseminate their work, please refer to the
SPARC Author Addendum to get legal instrument on how to modify the publisher’s agreement to allow authors to keep key rights to their articles here.2. Do not lost the accepted version of your papers!Many journal publishers allow authors to self-archive their publications in open repositories such as DR-NTU, but different publishers may allow different version of the papers to be archived: some allow publication version, some allow pre-print (ie pre-refereeing) and post-print (ie final draft post-refereeing), some allow either post-print or pre-print only, and some do not formally support archiving at all. According to
RoMEO statistics, about 41% of academic publishers allow pre-print and post-print to be archived for open access, thus, NTU authors get a chance to deposit their final manuscript after peer-review, namely the accepted version, in DR-NTU for a higher accessibilities and wider exposure, please do not lost it!
3. Checking of publisher copyright and self-archiving policies Prior to submitting a manuscript to DR-NTU, please ensure that your publisher allows the publication to be made open access and the exact version that is allowed for archiving. To check the publisher’s copyright and self-archiving policies, you may check the publisher’s website or use the
SHERPA RoMEO website.4. DR-NTU (OPEN ACCESS)
DR-NTU (Open Access) is the University’s institutional repository, which captures, stores, and preserves the journal articles, conference papers, theses and dissertations (PhD and Masters by Research only) of NTU staff and students. Free access is granted to the public to view the full text.
Why use DR-NTU?There are a few reasons for you to choose DR-NTU to deposit your publications:
5. Resources on Open Access
Here are some Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about the Open Access Policy at NTU.
How do I know which version of my article the publisher allow me to deposit?Please check the website,
Sherpa Romeo, to ensure that the publisher of your article allows self-archiving of the paper in PDF. Sherpa Romeo is a site that lists publisher’s information on self-archiving rights.
When in doubt or when information is not available, always submit the accepted version to DR-NTU.
How do I identify different versions of my paper?Published version: Final version of the publication produced by the publisher. The layout of published version is formatted by the publisher, with the volume, issue, page number and publisher’s logo displayed.
Accepted version: Author’s final manuscript of the publication after peer review, which is submitted to the publisher for publication. Also known as the Post-print version. The layout of accepted version is unformatted, with default page numbers but usually without publisher’s logo.
If the publisher does not support self-archival policies, can I still submit my publications to DR-NTU?Yes. The Library will then publish only the bibliographic details and abstract of your publications on DR-NTU.
Can I deposit my conference papers into DR-NTU before being published?To ensure that we do not infringe publishers’ copyrights, authors are strongly encouraged to submit their publications to DR-NTU after the papers have been published.
My thesis has confidential information; may I ask for an exemption?According to NTU’s Open Access Policy, all PhD and Masters Degree (by research only) students are required to submit the complete full-text digital version of their theses to DR-NTU for open access.
If your thesis contains data or information, such as pending patent application or journal/conference publication, you can set an embargo period when uploading the PDF. During the embargo period, only the title and abstract can be viewed. The full text will only be released after the embargo date is expired. Normally, an embargo period should be between 6 months and 24 months. In special cases, a maximum of 5 years may be allowed with sufficient reasons.
Why is the full-text of my paper not available in DR-NTU (open repository) even after I have successfully submitted it?Even though you have successfully submitted the document into DR-NTU, the Library will still need to process and verify the document before it is made available on DR-NTU (open repository). Please note that the Library complies with the respective publisher’s self-archiving policy, for example, some publishers may require an embargo period to their publications before making them open access. As such, should the publisher of your paper request an embargo setting, the PDF version of your paper will be released for public viewing only after the embargo period has expired. Publications that are affected by publishers’ embargo instructions will have limited information available for public viewing during the embargo period.
I did not submit my paper to DR-NTU, why is my paper available in DR-NTU?This is because the library has done a librarian-mediated submission on behalf of NTU’s authors to comply with the OA policy of NTU. Librarians download NTU paper records from Scopus and Web of Science regularly and deposit the proper version of these papers to DR-NTU according to the publisher’s self-archiving policy. So, please do a title search for your papers in DR-NTU before you submit to avoid duplicates. Please contact us if you have further questions or need any clarifications.
I have some papers published before I joined NTU, can I deposit these papers into DR-NTU?Currently DR-NTU aims to capture, store and preserve the scholarly output of Nanyang Technological University (NTU). Authors are strongly encouraged to submit their publications to their own universities or institutional repositories when these papers were published.
DR-NTU Institutional Repository (research data and paper)
Submitting Your Journal Article / Conference Paper / FYP / Thesis
a. Title of your report
b. Name of Author
c. Name of supervisor
e. Subject Keywords
a. Title of thesis
b. Name of Author
c. Name of supervisor
e. Subject Keywords
a. Title of thesis
NTU Digital Scholarship Projects
Data Protection And Privacy
Reg. No. 200604393R
© 2012 Nanyang Technological University
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