To forge greater ties between research in France and in Singapore, it is proposed that the French Physical Society (SFP) and the Institute of Physics Singapore (IPS) will organize biennially a joint SFP-IPS Physics Workshop. The first workshop will be hosted in Singapore. Thereafter, the venue for the workshop will alternate between France and Singapore every two years.
The joint workshop aims to:
- Identify common areas of research interest
- Establish mutual collaborations between French and Singapore researchers
- Promote physics education
- Facilitate scientific exchange between Europe (through France) and Asia (through Singapore)
- Facilitate cultural exchange between the two countries
Theme for the Inaugural Workshop
By loading ultra-cold degenerate gases, be it fermions, bosons, fermion-boson or fermion-fermion mixtures into optical potentials or traps, it has been possible to study fascinating phenomena in many-body and quantum information physics. The high degree of control and precision achieved in these experiments has allowed us to shed new light on numerous phenomena in condensed matter systems.
The theme of the workshop will be titled: “Condensed-matter and quantum information physics: shedding new light with atomic systems”. This workshop would address the assets and limitations of ultracold atomic systems to tackle some important questions raised in many-body and quantum information physics.
France has an active community working in these fields for many years. The same fields have also been pursued actively in the last few years in Singapore. Thus, this workshop will be beneficial for both countries with the potential of initiating fruitful discussions and possible collaborations.
The workshop will also cover two sub-themes:
Exactly one hundred years ago, Kamerlingh Onnes discovered the phenomenon of superconductivity in Leiden. The year 2011 therefore marks the centennial celebration of this celebrated discovery. This session of the workshop would address the current challenges in the field and the potentialities of atomic systems in bringing new insights in the field, or paving the way to the emergence of new exotic phases. Specifically, the workshop would address pairing mechanisms (FFLO and Sarma phases for example), unconventional superconductivity (doped Mott insulators, spin-charge separation phenomenon, high-temperature superconductivity, etc), role and frustration and of magnetism (through the use for example of synthetic gauge fields), spin liquids, etc. Recently, there have been some attempts to explain high temperature superconductivity in ultracold Bose-Fermi mixture loaded into square optical lattices, including the experimental observation of FFLO state.
- Quantum Simulators
To circumvent the limitations of conventional computers in tackling complex physical processes, Richard Feynman proposed nearly thirty years ago to use well-understood quantum systems called ‘quantum simulators’ (or ‘quantum emulators’) to emulate similar, but otherwise poorly understood, quantum systems. Among the various physical systems that could be used to build a quantum simulator, one possibility is the use of regular arrays of atoms or ions that are held in place by laser fields. This session of the workshop will address the challenges in the field, like building up advanced and versatile quantum simulators, synchronizing the operation of a large number of components and programming quantum simulators. More generally the session would address quantum (hybrid or not) computation schemes, realization of quantum memories, etc. In particularly, one could look at realization of quantum simulators with optical lattices, hollow fibers, coupled cavities or ion traps.