Representative Publications



Thin Film Shape Memory Alloys

Fundamentals and Device Applications

Edited by

Shuichi Miyazaki

Yong Qing Fu

Wei Min Huang

Polyurethane Shape Memory Polymers

W.M. Huang

Bin Yang

Yong Qing Fu

形状记忆合金薄膜:基础与器件应用(英文) [China edition]


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Ø  Shape Memory Materials and Applications


-   Review

Huang WM, Song CL, Fu YQ, Wang CC, Zhao Y, Purnawali H, Lu HB, Tang C, Ding Z. Zhang JL, Shaping tissue with shape memory materials, Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews, Vol. 65, 2013, 515-535  [under theme issue: Bionics-nature-inspired smart materials]

Huang WM, Ding Z, Wang CC, Wei J, Zhao Y and Purnawali H, Shape memory materials, Materials Today, Vol. 13, 2010, pp54-61


[Short online version:]

[Long version: Sun et al (2012), Stimulus-responsive shape memory materials: a review, Materials and Design, 33, 577-640

for video clips]

Huang WM, Yang B, Zhao Y and Ding Z, Thermo-moisture responsive polyurethane shape-memory polymer and composites: a review, Journal of Materials Chemistry, Vol. 20, 2010, pp3367-3381

[Short online version in Chinese] 高性能聚氨酯形状记忆聚合物及其复合材料

[Short version in German] Huang et al (2011) Polyurethan-Formgedächtnispolymere, PU Magzin, 03, 138-143

Wu X, Huang WM, Zhao Y, Ding Z, Tang C, Zhang J, Mechanisms of the shape memory effect in polymeric materials, Polymers, Vol. 5, 2013, 1169-1202


Sun L, Huang WM, Lu HB, Wang CC, Tang C, Zhang JL, Shape memory technology for active assembly/disassembly: fundamentals, techniques and example applications, Assembly Automation, Vol. 34, No.1, 2014, 78-93

Yang WG, Lu H, Huang WM, Qi HJ, Wu XL, Sun KY, Advanced shape memory technology to reshape  product design, manufacturing and recycling, Polymers, 6, 2014, 2287-2308


王韬熹, 胡嘉恩, Salvekar Abhijit Vijay, 翁毅伟, 黄为民, 基于高级形状记忆技术的产品设计, 制造和再循环, 中国材料进展 (Wang T, Hu J, Salvekar AV, Huang W, Advanced Shape Memory Technology for Product Design, Manufacturing and Recycling, Materials China), 35(8), 2016, 36-40


Zhou Y, Huang WM, Kang SF, Wu XL, Lu HB, Fu J, Cui HP, From 3D to 4D printing: approaches and typical applications, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, 29(10), 2015, 4281-4288

Renata C, Huang WM, He LV, Yang JJ, Shape change/memory actuators based on shape memory materials, Journal of Mechanical Science and Technology, 31(10), 2017, 4863-4873

Sun L, Huang WM, Wang TX, Chen HM, Renata C, He LW, Lv P, Wang CC, An overview of elastic polymeric shape memory materials for comfort fitting, Materials and Design, Vol. 136, 2017, 238-248

Sun L, Wang TX, Huang WM, Monitoring minor over-heating/cooling temperature based on the temperature memory effect in shape memory materials via differential scanning calorimetry: A brief review of the recent progress, Journal of Thermal Analysis and Calorimetry, accepted


-   Hydrogel (shape memory and instability)

Salvekar AV, Huang WM, Xiao R, Wong YS, Venkatraman SS, Tay KH, Shen ZX, Water-responsive shape recovery induced buckling in biodegradable photo-cross-linked poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) hydrogel, Accounts of Chemical Research, in Special issue “Stimuli-responsive Hydrogel”, Vol. 50, 2017, 141-150

Zhang JL, Huang WM, Lu HB, Sun L, Thermo-/chemo-responsive shape memory/change effect in a hydrogel and its composites, Materials and Design, Vol. 53, 2014, 1077-1088

Zhang JL, Huang WM, Gao G, Fu J, Zhou Y, Salvekar AV, Venkatraman SS, Wong YS, Tay KH, Birch WR, Shape memory/change effect in a double network nanocomposite tough hydrogel, European Polymer Journal, 58, 2014, 41-51

-   Micro/nano surface patterning

Zhao Y, Huang WM, Wang CC, Thermo/chemo-responsive shape memory effect for micro/nano patterning atop polymers, Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Letters, Vol. 4, 2012, 862-878

Zhao Y, Wang CC, Huang WM, Purnawali H, An L, Formation of micro protrusive lens arrays atop poly(methyl methacrylate), Optics Express, Vol. 19, No. 27, 2011, pp.26000-26005


Zhao Y, Huang WM and YQ Fu, Formation of micro/nano-scale wrinkling patterns atop shape memory polymers, Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 21, 2011,067007

Liu N, Xie Q, Huang WM, Phee SJ, Guo NQ, Formation of micro protrusion array atop shape memory polymer, Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 18, 2008, 027001

Wu MJ, Huang WM, Fu YQ, Chollet F, Hu YY, Cai MD, Reversible surface morphology in shape-memory alloy thin films, Journal of Applied Physics, Vol. 105, 2009, 033517

-   Stimulus-responsive shape memory materials

Huang WM, Yang B, An L, Li C and Chan YS, Water-driven programmable polyurethane shape memory polymer: demonstration and mechanism, Applied Physics Letters, Vol.86, 2005, pp114105

Zhao Y, Wang CC, Huang WM, Purnawali H, Buckling of poly(methyl methacrylate) in stimulus-responsive shape recovery, Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 99, 2011, 131911

Fan K., Huang WM, Wang CC, Ding Z, Zhao Y, Purnawali H, Liew KC and Zheng LX, Water-responsive shape memory hybrid: design concept and demonstration, eXPRESS Polymer Letters, Vol. 5, No. 5, 2011, pp409-416


Wang CC, Huang WM, Ding Z, Zhao Y, Purnawali H, Cooling-/water-responsive shape memory hybrids, Composite Science and Technology, Vol. 72, 2012, 1178-1182

Wang CC, Huang WM, Ding Z, Zhao Y, Purnawali H, Zheng LX, Fan H, He CB, Rubber-like shape memory polymeric materials with repeatable thermal-assisted healing function, Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 21, 2012, 115010

Zhou Y, Huang WM, Zhao Y, Ding Z, Li Y, Tor SB, Liu E, Memory phenomenon in a lanthanum based bulk metallic glass, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 672, 2016, 131-136

-   Mechanism and Optimization

Huang WM, Lu HB, Zhao Y, Ding Z, Wang CC, Zhang JL, Sun L, Fu J, Gao XY, Instability/collapse of polymeric materials and their structures in stimulus-induced shape/surface morphology switching, Materials and Design, Vol. 59, 2014, 174-192

Huang WM, Zhao Y, Wang CC, Ding Z, Purnawali H, Tang C, Zhang JL, Thermo/chemo-responsive shape memory effect in polymers: a sketch of working mechanisms, fundamentals and optimization, Journal of Polymer Research, Vol. 19, No. 9, 2012, 9952

Sun L, Huang WM, Mechanisms of the multi-shape memory effect and temperature memory effect in shape memory polymers, Soft Matter, Vol. 6, 2010, pp4403-4406

Sun L, Huang WM, Wang CC, Zhao Y, Ding Z, Purnawali H, Optimization of the shape memory effect in shape memory polymers, Journal of Polymer Science Part A: Polymer Chemistry, Vol. 46, No. 16, 2011, pp3582-3587

Wang CC, Zhao Y, Purnawali H, Huang WM, Sun L, Chemically induced morphing in polyurethane shape memory polymer micro fibers/springs, Reactive and Functional Polymers, Vol. 72, No. 10, 2012, 757-764

Tang C, Huang WM, Wang CC, Purnawali H, The triple-shape memory effect in NiTi shape memory alloys, Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 21, 2012, 085022

-    (Comfort) fitting & Active disassembly

Wang TX, Renata C, Chen HM, Huang WM, Elastic shape memory hybrids programmable at around body-temperature for comfort fitting, Polymers, 9, 2017, 674

Wang TX, Huang WM, Aw JE, He LW, Vettorello M, Comfort fitting using shape memory polymeric foam, Journal of Testing and Evaluation, Vol. 45, No. 4, 2017, 1201–1212

Purnawali H, Xu WW, Zhao Y, Ding D, Wang CC, Huang WM and Fan H, Poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) for active disassembly, Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 21, 2012, 075006

-   Characterization of the shape memory effect in commercial engineering polymers

Wu XL, Huang WM, Lu HB, Wang CC, Cui HP, Characterization of polymeric shape memory materials, Journal of Polymer Engineering, Vol. 37, 2017, 1-20

Wu XL, Huang WM, Tan HX, Characterization of shape recovery via creeping and shape memory effect in ether-vinyl acetate copolymer (EVA), Journal of Polymer Research, Vol. 20, 2013, 150

Wu XL, Huang WM, Seow ZG, Chin WS, Yang WG, Sun KY, Two-step shape recovery in heating-responsive shape memory polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) and its thermally assisted self-healing, Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 22, 2013, 125023

Wu XL, Huang WM, Ding Z, Tan HX, Yang WG, Sun KY, Characterization of the thermo-responsive shape memory effect in polyether ether ketone (PEEK), Journal of Applied Polymer Science, Vol. 131, 2014, 39844

Wu XL, Wang TX, Huang WM, Zhao Y, Thermo-responsive shape-memory effect and surface features in polycarbonate (PC), Applied Science, Vol. 7, 2017, 848


Salvekar AV, Zhou Y, Huang WM, Wong YS, Venkatraman SS, Shen Z, Zhu G, Cui HP, Shape/temperature memory phenomena in un-crosslinked poly-e-caprolactone (PCL). European Polymer Journal, 72, 2015, 282-295

-   Materials selection

Huang W, On the selection of shape memory alloys for actuators, Materials & Design, Vol. 23, 2002, pp11-19


Ø  Temperature memory effect (in both heating and cooling via DSC)


-   Shape memory alloys

Wang TX, Huang WM, Shape memory alloys for monitoring minor over-heating/cooling based on the temperature memory effect via differential scanning calorimetry-A review of recent progress, Shape Memory and Superelasticity, 3, 2017, 414-421

Tang C, Wang TX, Huang WM, Sun L, Gao XY, Temperature sensors based on the temperature memory effect in shape memory alloys to check minor over-heating, Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 238, 2016, 337-343

Zhou MZ, Huang WM, Meng XL, Temperature memory effect in a magnetic shape memory alloy for monitoring of minor over-cooling, Scripta Materialia, 217, 2017, 41-44

-   Polymers

Wang TX, Huang WM, Chen H, Xiao R, Lu HB, Kang SF, Temperature memory effect and its stability revealed via differential scanning calorimetry in ethylene-vinyl acetate (EVA) within glass transition range, Journal of Polymer Science, Part B: Polymer Physics, 2016, 54, 1731-1737

Sun L, Wang TX, Leow WC, Huang WM, Cui H, Gao XY, Temperature memory effect in differential scanning calorimeter test in thermoplastic polyurethane, Journal of Polymers Research, 23, 2016, 63


Ø  Thin films


-   Characterization

Huang WM, Hu YY and An L, Determination of stress versus strain relationship and other thermomechanical properties of thin films, Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 87, 2005, 201904

He Q, Huang WM, Hong MH, Wu MJ, Fu YQ, Chong TC, Chollet F and Du HJ, Characterization of sputtering deposited NiTi shape memory thin films using temperature controllable atomic force microscope, Smart Materials and Structures, Vol. 13, 2004, pp977-982

-   Devices

Huang WM, Liu QY, He LM and Yeo JH, Micro NiTi-Si cantilever with three stable positions, Sensors and Actuators A, Vol. 114, No. 1, 2004, pp118-122

-   Processing

He Q, Hong MH, Huang WM, Chong TC, Fu YQ and Du HJ, CO2 laser annealing of sputtering deposited NiTi shape memory thin films, Journal of Micromechanics and Microengineering, Vol. 14, 2004, pp950-956


Ø  Micro/nano mechanics


-   Indentation test

Huang WM, Su JF, Hong MH and Yang B, Pile-up and sink-in in micro-indentation of a NiTi shape-memory alloy, Scripta Materialia, Vol. 53, 2005, pp1055-1057

-   Nanocoils

Huang W.M., Mechanics of coiled nanotubes in uniaxial tension, Materials Science and Engineering A, Vol. 408, 2005, pp136-140


Ø  Yield surfaces


-   Classic yield criteria

Huang WM and Gao XY, Tresca and von Mises yield criteria: a view from strain space, Philosophical Magazine Letters, Vol. 84, No. 10, 2004, pp625-630

-   Foams

Huang WM, A simple approach to estimate failure surface of polymer and aluminum foams under multiaxial loads, International Journal of Mechanical Sciences, Vol. 45, 2003, pp1531-1540

-   Shape memory alloys

Huang W, "Yield" surfaces of shape memory alloys and their applications, Acta Materialia, Vol. 47, No. 9, 1999, pp2769-2776